About Sikkim
People and Culture
The People of Sikkim consist of three ethnic groups; Lepcha, Bhutia and Nepali. Nepali is the dominant language, while Sikkimese (Bhutia) and Lepcha are spoken in certain areas. English is also spoken and understood in most part of Sikkim. Many people have migrated to Sikkim from all over India (Marwaris, Biharis, Bengalis, South Indians, Punjabis, etc) and Nepal. They have mainly settled in the municipal areas of Sikkim owing to their businesses and Government services. The overall developmental activities in Sikkim like construction of roads, bridges, buildings etc, have informally invited migrant labourers from the plains and Nepal. Tibetan Refugees too have settled well in Sikkim. Communities of different hues intermingle freely in Sikkim to constitute a homogenous blend. The religion and traditions of different communities of people living in Sikkim gives the state a unique blend of various cultures and a very warm atmosphere. The people here are simple, warm and friendly. The first known people of Sikkim were the Lepchas. The Lepchas were the original people of Sikkim before the Bhutias and Nepalis. Originally the inhabitants of Sikkim, these people mostly live on agriculture of paddy, oranges and cardamom. Although, the earliest Lepcha settlers believed and worshipped spirits of mountains, forests and rivers, later they adopted Buddhism and Christianity. The Lepchas are very good at archery and they lead a very simple life. They usually live in typical Lepcha huts that are made up of bamboo and are raised about five feet above the ground on stilts. Then Bhutias invaded Sikkim in the 15th Century. Originally from Tibet these people settled in northern part of Sikkim and are known as the Lachenpas and Lachungpas in the North Sikkim. These people constitute about 10 % of the total population of Sikkim and the villages of Bhutia are very large as compared to those of Lepchas. A typical Bhutia house is called ‘Khin’ and is usually rectangle in shape. Sporting a bit of show the Bhutia ladies are very fond of heavy pure gold jewellery. Nepalis migrated to Sikkim after the Bhutias. They migrated in large numbers and soon became the dominant community. In the present day, the Nepalese constitute 70% of the total population of Sikkim. They introduce commenced terrace farming in the state. Except for the Sherpas & Tamangs who are Buddhists, the Nepalis' are orthodox Hindus with the usual cast system and tribes like Bawans (Brahmans), Chhetries, Gurungs, Tamangs, Rais, Limbus, Magars, Damais, Kamis etc. The Nepalese are spread throughout the state. Their style of living is comparatively much economical. Their dresses and diets are simple. They are good farmers and businessmen. Also, they are ahead in education which enables them to get jobs in the Government.
Weather in Sikkim –
The climate of Sikkim can be termed as temperate in broad terms. The bunch of seasons that characterize the climate in Sikkim are spring, summer, winter, monsoon and autumn. In April and May the weather in Sikkim is relatively good for exploring the state's natural treasures. This is when the state's official flower, the rhododendron is in full bloom across mountainsides. Summer, between May and October, coincides with the monsoon season, with heavy, prolonged showers often lasting for days on end. This is followed by a brief autumn season from September to October before the cold winter sets in from around end November to February. Weather apart, autumn is also the season to witness some of Sikkim's fabulous festivals. Best weather conditions are between late September and mid-November, when the fury of the monsoons has abated and the winter is yet to set in. Pack light woollens for use even during less chilly seasons. The maximum summer temperature in Sikkim is a very pleasant 28 °C (83 °F), minimum winter temperatures dip to 0 °C (32 °F). Sikkim is one amongst the few states that receive regular snowfall. Best Season To Visit sikkim March to June and September to December
Flora and Fauna
Sikkim is densely covered by forest due to heavy rainfall. It can be divided into three zones Tropical zone about 100 meters with its vegetation such as bamboo, fern, pandanus, Sal and orchid are found. Dense undergrowth and bush vegetation are found in sub-tropical zone. In the temperate Zone in the northern valley is covered by cherry, laurel, oak, chestnut, Maple, pine and magnolia. Rhododendrons which is abundant is found above (2000 meters ) there are about thirty species. In the north different varieties of Primula is found. There are roughly 4000 variety of flowering plants and shrubs in Sikkim of which orchids are about 700 species with varieties of several in hundreds kinds of butterflies. Regarding the records of Sikkim in wild animals Yeti is believed to be still existing in the Himalayas of Sikkim an expedition was also conducted, there are local people and porters who still talk about witnessing Yeti in the high trekking areas. Snow leopard is found in 4000 metres, Himalayan black bear is found in 2000 meters, above this altitude Barking Deer, Musk Deer, Sambar, Marbled Cat, Leopard Cat, Squirrel, Tiger, Panda, Otter, Ovis, Nahura, ovismon Goral and wild boar is also found.

Sikkim Peak Tours & Travels /Sikkim Trekking
Lower Arithang, Deven Chettri Building,
Gangtok - 737101, East Sikkim, India
Tel : 03592 - 204347
Mobile : +91 9832544375, 8116169339

Sikkim Peak Tours & Travels
Sikkim Tourism Govt. of Sikkim
Travel Agents Association of Sikkim
Yuksam Tourism Development Committee